The book I’m sharing today is enough to make me clean house a bit more often. That’s because I found this one among my husband’s books which are usually in a bit of disarray. The root of the problem is that we are both book lovers, and we have outgrown the two floor-to-ceiling shelves that cover two entire walls in his office. We’ve decided to add more shelving, and so we are sorting through books, and that when I turned up A School For Girls.
The National Park Seminary was a private two year program for young women of means. When this book was published in 1924, the school was being called a junior college, but in reality it was more of a finishing school. There were several courses that girls could take, all of which were heavy on the arts and on homemaking skills. There was also a four year high school program.
National Park Seminary, commonly referred to as The Glen School, started life as a hotel. When the hotel failed in 1894, the property was purchased and converted into the school. The facility was spread over ninety acres and consisted of around thirty buildings, many of which were connected by covered walkways.
In 1924 the school seemed to be on firm footing, but the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the resulting Great Depression took a heavy toll on the school. It barely remained open, and in 1942 the school was closed when the US Army bought the property. It was established as part of Walter Reed Army Hospital as a rehabilitation facility for disabled soldiers returning from WWII.
My husband does not remember where he got the book, but he does know why he bought it. He was stationed at Walter Reed in the early 1970s. The research facility in which he worked was located near the old school, and he and his co-workers would regularly go to the cafeteria there. By that time the facility was severely underfunded by the army, but Tim still remembers the buildings as being quite grand.
The army eventually closed the Forest Glen facility, and it fell into disrepair. Today it is being restored, and the old school and hospital is now being converted to condos and apartments. A Google images search shows both the decay and the newly restored buildings, and is quite amazing to look at.
The book seems to a catalog of sort for prospective students. It outlines the courses, lays out the rules, and brags about the facility and the clientele. As expected, the school was quite expensive, with a basic charge of $1375 ($19,100 today), but with many additional charges, including up to $100 ($1400 today) per course. Girls had to have five references in order to be considered for admission. Any girl who turned out to be a “difficult case” was “…promptly returned to her home.”
The book is full of photographs of the school and of the girls. After a while the photos, which are obviously staged, start to look alike, and I’m guessing that the same girls were used over and over.
I’m sure that by now you have noticed that all the young women are wearing very similar dress. While not a true uniform, each girls was instructed to have:
Four dresses cut after the style of the two-piece sailor dresses.
There was a Dress Circular that was supplied to the mothers of applicants that laid out in detail the particulars of dress that was accepted at the school. In addition to the four middy dresses, my book gives a few general dress requirements:
Three simple dresses to be worn at evening dinner and Sundays at home.
One evening dress for formal parties.
One topcoat or a tailored coat suit for trips to Washington.
All jewelry is forbidden…
Unfortunately, the book does not go into detail about athletic wear, but the pictures pretty much tell the story.
This shows Indian club exercise in the gym.
Several sports teams were pictured, all wearing the identical middy and bloomer combination that we see in use in the gym.
But for riding, the proper attire was a riding jacket and jodhpurs.
Note the covered walkway.
And the middy dress worked well for tennis.
Finally, I want to share one of the courses that was offered in the home economics department – Laundry. At first I wondered why a girl who could afford to go to an expensive finishing school would need to know how to do the laundry. Silly me!
An interesting course that ought to be taken by any girl who would intelligently supervise such work in her own home. Many an expensive article has been ruined because the necessary caution or advice could not be offered by the inexperienced housewife.