There have been a thousand (or more) articles on how to title a blog post, and after reading them all I still struggle with going with anything other than the obvious. So because this post is about a new-to-me 1930s bathing suit, made from a great fabric of white and blue stars intertwined in a nautical-style rope, the title is pretty much a bare-bones description of the object.
The 1930s were a time of transition for women’s swimsuits. At the beginning of the decade most suits were still being manufactured of wool knit, but by 1940 a great variety of materials were being used for bathing suits. The invention of Lastex in 1931 was the first big change, with the elastic thread being added to the wool yarns. By the middle of the decade Lastex was also being blended with rayon yarns.
Compared to the low-waisted styles of the 1920s, the shape of the 1930s put more emphasis on the bust. You can see this even in bathing suits, as there is often a seam under the bustline, as you see in my suit above.
Another change one sees in 1930s bathing suits is the return to the use of woven fabrics. Wool jersey knit made the “dressmaker” bathing suits of the 1910s and early 20 passé, but in the 1930s, the addition of a cotton jersey lining allowed for a good fit in woven fabrics. The white shorts under the skirt of my suit is cotton jersey, as is the rest of the lining.
Because of the lack of stretch in the outer fabric, this bathing suit has a button closure on the back. It also has a deeply scooped back to allow for suntanning. Many evening dresses of the period also sported a deep scoop in the back, so one’s tan must match one’s gown.
At first I though the red had faded to the rusty color you see, but a close examination of unexposed areas of the fabric show that this is the original color. And what about that texture?!
And talking about 1930s bathing suits, I just had to share this one, which is not, unfortunately, a part of my collection. It is wool, made in Germany in the 30s. You can see elements of both the 20s (skirt over matching trunks, all wool) and the 1930s (seam under the bust, neck ruffle). The photo was sent to me by vintage store owner and vintage clothing collector Ingo Zahn. Ingo owns Rocking Chair Vintage in Berlin, and was a big help when I needed a German translation a while back. Thanks for sharing your photo, Ingo!