For a while now I’ve been thinking about the “One Hour Dress, a 1924 pattern developed by sewing expert Mary Brooks Picken. The dress was designed to be very simple to sew, and because it was the 1920s, there were no darts and such with which to contend.
The one piece pattern was like an inverted T, with the fullness of the sides being gathered at the hips. The sleeves were cut in one with the dress, and all the edges could be machine stitched.
If you follow sewers of historic fashion on Instagram, you can’t avoid seeing the One Hour Dress. I’ve seen it made with vastly varying results, from the ridiculous to the sublime. But almost to a person, it is said that there’s just no way the dress can be made in one hour. So, I set out to see if Picken’s pattern promoted wishful thinking in the sewing world.
Instead of making a dress, I thought I’d adapt the pattern into a chemise. That way if it turned out to be a disaster i could always sleep in it. In the pattern I drafted, I left off the top one fourth of the bodice, cutting it straight across the top of the chest.
Because I’m a fabric hoarder who is always picking up old material at the Goodwill dig, I had just the right lightweight silk for a chemise. I also had a roll of woven lingerie strap ribbon.
The most time consuming part of this project was the drafting of the pattern. You use your measurements to draft it to fit your figure, and if done correctly, it does make the style much more flattering. Many of the examples I have seen look dumpy because the pattern drafter did not take into consideration her height. That gathered part has to sit on the hip, not below it.
Also adding to the time was the fabric I used. Silk is slippery, and tends to be difficult to manage. And add to the time the fact that I decided on enclosed seams to help discourage unraveling of my finished chemise.
After pretty much completing the sewing, I decided the chemise was just too plain. A row of chain stitching across the top of the bodice seemed to be what was needed.
I don’t have a copy of the original booklet written by Ms. Picken, but I can guess that in order to make this dress in one hour, the hemming would have to be by machine. Again, I wanted something a bit prettier. I turned to my 1927 Art of Dressmaking from Butterick patterns. For lingerie the book suggests taking the finished garment to any fancy sewing establishment and let them do a professional hem with their picot machine.
Times have changed, and there is no professional sewing establishment in my neighborhood, and I doubt a single picot edger can be found either. I considered all the stitches on my fancy machine, but the silk was so delicate that even with a base layer, it was pulled out of shape by the stitching. So I decided on the hand-stitching route. Add another two hours to this one hour chemise.
The big question is: Can the One Hour Dress be made in one hour? I believe it can be if certain conditions are met. The drafting of the pattern does not count in the time to make the dress. A non-slippery and non-ravelly fabric like cotton broadcloth must be used. All edges must be finished by machine. There can be no embellishments. All seams must be plain.
I didn’t take a photo of me wearing my new chemise as I’m much too shy to put a photo of me in my underwear on the internet, but I’m pleasantly surprised at how good it looks. I’m short, and so is the chemise. Maybe Ms. Picken knew what she was doing after all.
8 responses to “Vintage Sewing – Late 1920s Silk Chemise”
Full marks for courage (and hand-stitching.) If your hem wasn’t scalloped, a very narrow and close-together machine zigzag stitch can be used. Sew Historically has a tutorial. http://www.sewhistorically.com/1920s-imitation-picot-hem-tutorial/ These are “hand wash” clothes, of course.
Good for you for giving this a try, Lizzie, and coming up with something wearable! Agree with you about the timing conditions. 😉
What’s NOT to love?! Pretty / sleek and very feminine -worked then -still working!
Well, maybe “one hour dress” was a pleasant way to say “very easy dress,” just like “ten years off your age” probably means “may make your skin slightly softer.” But it looks like the pattern did teach about proportions, if done right. And once you made the pattern, it would be easy to make again.
I love those prices! You did a wonderful job with such fine fabric. The hand sewing was exquisite! Nothing ever gets done in one hour! 😁☺️
I have tried this dress, and it was the worst thing i ever made. I even made a muslin! I added bust darts! I worked it over for two weeks, and ,( she said modestly), i sew quite a few of my own blouses and dresses. I always have to alter my patterns.
Guess im just not a 1920’s gal!
The 20s are really hard to wear unless you are 5’8″ or over, and very thin.