I know that having two posts on quilts is straying a bit from the usual fare here at The Vintage Traveler, but I’m sure that lovers of textiles will appreciate the beauty and work that goes into a well-crafted quilt.
I don’t buy quilt books, as a general rule, but I spotted this one at a local fabric store and after thumbing through it decided I had to have it, if only for the visual inspiration. The book is stunningly beautiful, with 358 pages of lovely photos. It is arranged loosely chronologically, with different eras of quilt styles serving as chapters. And it is not just pretty pictures, as Shaw also writes about the textile industry and the development of the sewing machine and other matters of interest.
Since I’m not well versed in quilts, I’m really not qualified to comment on the the quilts chosen for the book, so I read the reviews of others who do know quilts. Some reviewers were concerned that some quilting styles, such as Amish quilts, were given too much space in the book at the exclusion of others, such as quilts from the Appalachian regions. And truly, I found my eyes glazing over by the end of the chapter on Amish quilts. It was a bit too much.
But for the most part, the text is engaging and informative, just like I’d want a book of this sort to be. The real stars though, are the quilts themselves.
Believe it or not, the cover image is from a quilt that was made in 1933 by Edith Morrow Matthews.
We sometimes think of quilts as being patchwork, but many of the earliest American quilts were appliqued. This quilt is attributed to Mary Jane Carr of Columbia, Pennsylvania, circa 1850. Note the dogs in the lower corners.
Named for the ship in the center, this is known as The Constitution Quilt, circa 1880. The blocks depict scenes from the Bible, patriotic and Masonic symbols, and scenes of everyday life.
The maker evidently loved birds.
I do love a good crazy quilt, or in this case, a great one. Note how it was actually pieced in blocks and then assembled. The embroidery tends to tie it all together.
The book points out that it is very difficult to attribute a quilt to an African-American maker. In this case, it seems to be the subject matter that identifies this snake design as African-American.
This circa 1875 to 1900 quilt is from eastern North Carolina, where coral snakes are a danger.
This detail is from a large quilt that is a variation of the log cabin design. Because all the people are black and are not caricatures, it is assumed that the maker was African-American. Circa 1890, and probably from New Jersey.
This is an Amish quilt from Ohio, made in 1928 by Christina Yoder Schlaabach. Amish quilts varied from community to community, and in accordance to how much influence there was from the “English” world. One thing they have in common is that they are never pictorial.
A variation of the fan design, this quilt was found in New York City, where it was possibly made around 1920. The pieces are velvet and cotton, and is tied (the ties look like dots in the photo) rather than stitch quilted.
I love this amazing quilt. It was made by a farmer’s wife, Fannie B. Shaw, between 1930 and 1932. The appliqued figures all represent a profession, and are labeled as such. And why are they looking around the corner? They are looking for prosperity, something that President Hoover promised was “just around the corner.” Note the representatives of the GOP and the Democrats, and finally, Uncle Sam with sacks of gold, farm relief and free beer!
This is just a corner of a fantastic quilt made by Goldie Tracy Richmond in 1966. Richmond and her husband ran a trading post on the Papago reservation in Arizona, and she made quilts to sell to tourists. This one shows life on the reservation.
As the twentieth century advanced, the practice of quilting declined. But the 1970s brought a renewed interest in the traditional crafts of America, and people began to take up quilting as a hobby. In many cases, the line between craft and art is blurred as quilts changed from being utilitarian items to being strictly decorative. Many go beyond that into the realm of sending a message.
The quilt above is from 1986, and was made by Judy Mathieson. Called Nautical Stars, it was inspired by a watercolor of compass roses.
Click to see a larger view
Susan at Witness2Fashion recent wrote about this quilt on her blog, and I was delighted to see it in this book. The quilt, Portrait of a Textile Worker, is made entirely of clothing labels that were donated to the maker, Terese Agnew. Read more about it on Susan’s blog.
Once again I have to say a word or two about historical accuracy. While I do not know a lot about the history of quilts, the fashion historian in me could not help but be disturbed by this paragraph:
The Lancaster Amish continued to work the same small group of patterns until World War II put an end to the supply of fine wool, most of which had been imported from England. With their favored material no longer readily available, Lancaster Amish women were forced to use polyester, and the classic period of their quiltmaking effectively came to an end.
I may be reading this incorrectly, but it seems to me the author is saying that polyester replaced wool during the war. That would not be possible because polyester became available to consumers only after the war was over, in 1950. Another inaccuracy was that Illinois was stated to be the first state to give women the right to vote in 1913. Actually, it was Wyoming, in 1869. And finally, Diana Vreeland was referred to as “the influential designer” when she was, in fact, the editor of Vogue.
The point needs to be made that when reading one has to be both a reader and and editor. We are used to relying on books to supply correct information, but that is not always the case, unfortunately. Reader beware!
All photos were taken from the book, American Quilts: The Democratic Art, by Robert Shaw. Please do not copy photos from this site.