Tag Archives: clothing care

Experience, the Best Teacher

A kind reader asked for a post on caring for old clothes and I referred her/him to a series Maggie at Denisebrain has been writing. There’s no need for me to reinvent the wheel here, as Maggie is in the process of laying it all out, care-wise. But I thought I would share with you some of the mistakes I have made or heard about, and so now you will never have to make them.

1. Never take a sequin for granted. At times in the past, mainly the 1930s and early 40s, sequins were made from gelatin. When exposed to heat or moisture, the gelatin sequins tended to melt. If immersed in water, they turn into a slimy clump of gel. Never put an old sequined dress in water without first testing for melting. Snip off a sequin to sacrifice to the water gods, and if after ten minutes or so you still have a sequin, then it is made of metal or a newer plastic substance and is probably safe for washing.

2.  All white cotton fabrics can’t be bleached with chlorine. For some reason exposure to chlorine will turn some cottons purple. Always do a tiny test spot before using bleach on any fabric, or be smart and stay away from bleach entirely. And if anyone knows the why of this purple phenomenon, I’ve love to know it.

3.  Never put a knit on a hanger. I knew this, but apparently a major fashion collection did not and when they inherited a slew of Rudi Gernreich knits from the 1960s and 70s, all the clothes were neatly hung and promptly forgotten. Several years later a new-to-the-museum worker stumbled across the collection hidden away in a closet or corner, and she was struck by how long all the clothes were. The first thought was that the donor was a very tall woman, but no, these actually came from the Gernreich archive. Over the course of just a few years the clothes had grown over a foot.

4. Keep your nice clothing in the dark. I have been to house sales where a rack of clothing was stored in a room with a window. The dresses on the ends of the rack would be completely trashed – brittle and faded – due to exposure to light. The others would be in pristine condition except for the line of extreme fading at the shoulders where the light could hit the dresses. Adding to the degradation was that these are usually stored on nasty wire hangers.

5.  Back in the 1980s when rayon became fashionable again, my mother warned us not to buy it. She had a friend in school (1940s) who bought a new rayon dress and the first time she wore it she was caught in a downpour. As the dress started to dry the wearer watched as the dress crept up her leg, getting shorter and shorter. She barely made it home with her dignity intact.  Not all rayons will shrink in this way, but rayon crepe is notorious for it.

6.  You cannot save a silk that has started to shatter. Period.

7. Likewise, if a fabric has a dark stain accompanied by little scattered holes, there is no hope for that stain. And even if there was hope, you’d be left with those pesky little holes.

8. Using an iron on any old textile is very risky. Old synthetics are not as stable as the modern fabric we are used to, so unless you like melted nylon or permanent iron prints on the rayon, invest in a steamer. For some reason, old navy dyes love to change to a deep reddish purple.

Since I don’t wear most of the old clothes in my possession, I’m not very aggressive about stains and small amounts of damage. I will do repairs, using only materials that can safely be removed in case a later owner wants to change my method of repair. This pretty much means I repair only with a needle and thread.  I also will restore an object if later alterations have made a big difference in the way the object would need to be displayed. Again, I only do things that could be reversed, and I document the changes in my records.

Does anyone have a good textile disaster story they’d like to share?

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Filed under Collecting, Viewpoint

Your Cleaner Is Your Clothes’ Best Friend

It’s not the heat… It’s the humidity?

I recently ran across a small collection of consumer brochures from the National Institute of Drycleaning, each dating between 1949 and 1959.  They are interesting because of the information about 1950s fabrics that is contained in them.

Today’s fabrics are often blends of natural and man-made fibers and are designed to control issues such as humidity and wrinkling.  But in the 1950s synthetic fibers were still new, and were often unpredictable.  Enter the local dry cleaner, there to solve all the problems of modern textiles.

You’ll prize your bright red clothing more “because colors do not fade in drycleaning!”  And you’ll be “happy and gay with your bias cut… until a shower or cleaning brings your skirt up!”  Luckily, “your drycleaner may be able to stretch it back to shape.”

“Drycleaning results in the least degree of change in the original size and measurement.”  *This change depends upon fabric construction, naturally.

Chiffon may be for the soft look, but the brochure got very technical in its explanation of how the fabric was made.  And contrary to what some people might have believed, chiffon was explained to be a weave, not a fiber.

By the 1950s metallic fabrics had been around for a very long time, but their care must have still been confusing to consumers.  The brochure suggests that one play it safe and take metallic fabrics to a drycleaner.

Before care instructions were sewn into clothing, many garments came with hang tags that contained care directions.  This brochure on jersey knits reminded consumers to save the hang tags.

And finally, consumers were reminded not to take chances with pigment printed fabrics.

Because the brochures were numbered, I know there were at least sixty-three of them written and published.  Most are credited to Dr. Dorothy Siegert Lyle of the Consumer Education Division. Dr. Lyle had been a professor of home economics at Ohio State.  In 1947 she was employed by the National Institute of Drycleaning, where she developed this series of pamphlets which were distributed to home ec students and to consumers by way of department stores.  Dr. Lyle also wrote several books on textiles and clothing.

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Filed under Proper Clothing