I. Miller gives you summer shoes in color taken from the new flower prints.
On to the American Summer scene of glamorous clothes walk I. Miller shoes in vibrant flower colors. Nature’s hues selected with the I. Miller genius for color…for costume relationship. 1937
Israel Miller was the son of a Polish (some sources say Prussian) shoemaker who immigrated to the USA in the 1890s. He obtained work as a cobbler with John Azzimonti, an Italian immigrant who was making shoes for the theater. According to an issue of the Boot and Shoe Recorder, actress Sarah Bernhardt once ordered 244 pairs of boots at one time. When Azzimonti closed the shoe making business in 1909, his customers put in orders for up to thirty pairs.
They need not have worried about obtaining quality shoes, as Azzimonti’s former employee, Israel Miller was already making shoes and would establish I. Miller by 1911. His operation was moved to a building near the corner of Broadway and 46th Street, which is in the theater district. He was soon leasing the two brownstone buildings on the corner, and business was so good that in 1926 he bought both buildings and began renovations that would unify them into a single unit.
The resulting building is seen above, but in 1926 the statues in the niches were not yet in place. The next year it was announced that statues of four show women would be chosen to represent the arts of drama, comedy, opera, and movies. The public was even invited to vote for their favorites, the winners being Ethel Barrymore, Marilyn Miller, Rosa Ponselle, and Mary Pickford. The statues were made by A. Stirling Calder, the father of Alexander Calder of mobile fame.
Unfortunately Israel Miller did not live to see the unveiling of the completed building. He died in Paris of a heart attack several months before the October, 1929 unveiling.
The Broadway side of the building was quite different from the elegant 46th Street facade. There were pre-existing billboard leases on that side, and so even in the early days of the store, much of the Broadway facade was given over to advertising. Today, the main entrance is on Broadway, as that is where most of the traffic is, but when this was a store store to the stars, they entered through 46th Street.
I. Miller shoes closed sometime in the 1970s and the building was bought in 1978 by Riese Restaurants, who ran a TGIFriday restaurant there for several decades. By the late 1990s Riese was saying the store front would be restored, and though they applied for and were granted landmark status, nothing ever came of it. Eventually the TGIFriday restaurant was closed, and the building taken over by the Express clothing company.
When I visited New York City in August, 2013, I went by to see the building and was dismayed to see it scaffolded over. In New York that could mean anything from restoration to a complete redoing of the building. To their great credit, as Express readied the interior of the building for retail, the exterior was renovated to its former glory.
The four statues had to be removed and restored as they were in terrible condition. Chunks of marble on the building had to be repaired, the bronze was polished, and the entire facade was given a good cleaning. Today it is one of the best reminders of what shopping in New York City was like in the early and mid 20th century.
When I first read of the shoe store several years ago it struck me as odd that there would be such an elegant store in a part of the city that was not (at that time, anyway) a shopping district. A little reading about the subject informed me that this was only one of I. Miller’s stores. The main store was located on Fifth Avenue, and there were two other New York City branches. Nationwide there were 228 branch stores and several factories.
The mode for black is charmingly met in.. Monograin silk by I. Miller
As all femininity fares forth in Black, Monograin becomes the overwhelming fashion favorite for wear with the new autumn hats, gloves and handbags of this subtly-woven silk. 1930